The most important city of Granma is the capital, Bayamo, National Monument, Cradle of the Cuban Nationality. In it the first romantic song of Cuba was created, the National Anthem of Cuba was sung for the first time and was the protagonist of the independence struggles.
Bayamo has a rich and original culinary tradition where dishes abound from the cassava and corn cacao. This city reached a remarkable reputation due to the active rescue or smuggling trade, it is said that the country’s greatest fortunes were amassed in Bayamo, the capture of the Bishop of the island Don Cabezas and Altamirano, at the accounts of the pirate Girberto Girón and his Subsequent rescue by Salvador Golomón inspired Cuba’s first literary work: Mirror of Patience.
Bayamo is known by other names such as Torch City and City of Cars. The first appellation because during the Great War of independence, liberated the city, the residents decided to set it on fire before being stepped on again by the Spanish executioner. The title of City of Cars, is because since the nineteenth century the main means of transport are the traditional horse-drawn cars