Granma is the yacht that was used to transport 82 fighters of the Cuban Revolution from Mexico to Cuba in November 1956 to overthrow the regime of Fulgencio Batista. The 60-foot diesel-powered cabin cruiser was built in 1943 by Wheeler Shipbuilding of Brooklyn NY as a lightly armoured target practice boat, US Navy C-1994 and modified postwar to accommodate 12 people. “Granma”, in English, is an affectionate term for a grandmother; the yacht is said to have been named for the previous owner’s grandmother.
Granma is also the official newspaper of the Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party. It was formed in 1965 by the merger of two previous papers, Revolución and Hoy. (meaning “Revolution” and “Today”, respectively). Publication of the newspaper began in February of 1966. Its name comes from the yacht Granma that carried Fidel Castro and 81 other rebels to Cuba’s shores in 1956, launching the Cuban Revolution. The newspaper has been a method for Fidel Castro and the Cuban Communist Party to communicate their ideology to the world, especially in regards to the United States. Marta Rojas worked for the paper since its founding.
Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Bayamo. Other towns include Manzanillo and Pilón.