Xanadu Mansion

Xanadu MansionThe Xanadu Mansion Golf Course Club House, located on the San Bernardino crags, was designed by architects Covarrocas and Govantes in July 1927.

The owner of this exclusive estate was French American millionaire Irenee Dupont de Nemours, born on 21 December 1876, who eventually had eight children, 35 grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. Irenee was the Dupont of that generation who took the most significant interest in developing the company founded by his great grandfather Eleuthere Dupont in Delaware in 1802. During Irenee’s lifetime, the company became the largest diversified chemical products empire globally, employing in 1957 90 000 workers in 74 plants worldwide. Before taking over the company chairmanship, Irenee had several jobs in construction, finances and development.

In 1927, at the age of 49, he retired from the chemical empire chairmanship and started to look around for a quiet place to spend his retirement. Like many Americans, he found it in Cuba. That very same year, he purchased 180 hectares of land on the Hicacos Peninsula for 90 000 pesos. The property included 8 km of virgin breaches, but he chose the rocky hills of the San Bernardino crags to build his dream house. The four-storey mansion, with 11 bedrooms and adjoining baths, three large terraces, seven balconies and a private dock, was named “Xanadu”, after the exotic Palace built by the legendary Chinese warrior and conqueror Kublai Khan, as described by the English poet Samuel Taylor. According to the legend, “Xanadu” was the ancient kingdom of the Tartars, extending from Central Asia to Western China and parts of Russia.

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